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Sleep Disorders

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea is a breathing disorder during sleep. It is typically accompanied by loud snoring and consists of brief periods throughout the night when breathing stops. There are two major types of sleep apnea:

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea: most common, caused by an obstruction in the throat during sleep
  • Central Sleep Apnea: caused by a delay in the signal from the brain to breathe


Insomnia is characterized by difficulty falling or staying asleep or awakening too early. Insomnia can be transient, short-term, or chronic in nature.


Narcolepsy is a chronic disorder affecting the area of the brain where regulation of sleep and wakefulness take place.

Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)

RLS is discomfort in the legs that is commonly referred to as a crawling, tingling, or prickling sensation.

Periodic Limb Movements in Sleep (PLMS)

PLMS is a variation of RLS and is characterized by leg movements or jerks during sleep which typically occur every 20 to 40 seconds.

Parasomnia (Sleep Terrors)

Parasomnia is characterized by a sudden arousal from slow-wave sleep with a piercing scream or cry accompanied by autonomic and behavioral manifestations of intense fear.


Hypersomnia is a persistent sleepiness despite having adequate sleep periods.

Somnambulism (Sleepwalking)

Somnambulism is a series of complex behaviors that are initiated during slow-wave sleep and result in walking during sleep.

Bruxism (Teeth Grinding)

Bruxism is a stereotyped movement disorder characterized by grinding or clenching of the teeth and jaw during sleep.

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